General Introduction of Cotton

People is familiar with cotton for its wide application in our social life. Cotton is adopted to make cotton-padded clothes, cotton quilt, cotton clothes, cotton underwear, etc. Before being used, the cotton need to be processed by cotton processing machines, which have high efficiency and can save much labor.


History of Cotton
Cotton planting first appeared in Indus River Valley civilization in about 5000 to 4000 BC. Before year 1 AD, application of cotton textiles had spread to Mediterranean region. Arab merchants brought delicate cambric to Italy and Spain at year one. Moors spread cotton planting methods to Spain in about 9th century. In 15th century, cotton was introduced into England, and then into English Colonies in North America.
In fact, aborigines in Central America had already known how to use cotton to make clothes and blankets. When Spanish entered into Southern Mexico and Yucatan Peninsula in 16th century, local cotton industries at there were already well-developed and islander already known to process colored cotton fiber into local clothes for wearing. Right now over 90% of world cotton seed originated in upland cotton in Mexico.
Types of Cottonharvested_cottons
Long stapled cotton
, also called sea island cotton, originated in South America. Long stapled cotton featured by long fiber and high intensity, which is suitable for high count yarn spinning.
Medium stapled cotton, also named upland cotton, originated in Central America, so it was also referred to as American cotton. This kind of cotton characterized by wide application, high output, long fiber and high quality, which is fit for medium-count yarn spinning.
Short stapled cotton, also called Asiatic cotton, originated in India. This cotton has rarely grown for its low output and short, rough fiber.
Leading Producing Countries
In 2011, world top 5 cotton producing countries are China, India, United States, Pakistan, Brazil. The 5 leading cotton exporters of the same year are United States, India, Brazil, Australia, and Uzbekistan.
The Importance of Cotton
Every part of cotton plant is useful. As to the cotton, it exists in every parts of our daily life, from the soft cotton towel we use to dry our faces in every morning to blue jeans and clothes we dress at day, then cotton sheets at night. Lint can provide cellulose to make plastics, explosives and other products. Cotton seed is separated into three parts-- oil, meals and hulls. Cotton seed oil can be used as salad dressing and cooking oil. While meals and hulls can be used as fodder or fertilizer. Even cotton stalks and leaves can be used as feed or fuel.